Adderall is a proprietary eponym for several prescription stimulants used mainly in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These medications are also used to treat the sleep disorder narcolepsy. Common drug names for this stimulant include Adderall, Adderall XR, Benzedrine, and Mydayis.
Ambien is one of the most common prescription depressant medications on the market, and is frequently prescribed as a sleep aid. Other similar medications include Ambien CR, Edluar, Intermezzo, Lunesta, Sonata, and Zolpimist, as well as the generic medications zolpidem, eszopiclone, and zalepon, respectively.
Amphetamine is a strong stimulant drug used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. While lifestyle changes are the preferred course of action to address all three conditions, there are a number of amphetamine and substituted amphetamine drugs used as front-line treatments for these conditions.
Ativan is a trade name for the commonly abused prescription drug Lorazepam. The drug is a benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety, sleep disorders, and seizures. It can also be used to treat alcohol withdrawal, nausea associated with chemotherapy treatments, or during surgery or mechanical ventilation to sedate and cause amnesia.
Benzodiazepines are a class of prescription drugs known as central nervous system (CNS) depressants. Referred to by the street names benzos or downers, the drug is considered a mild tranquilizer. Due to its sedative qualities, doctors commonly prescribe benzodiazepines to treat anxiety disorders, insomnia, muscle spasms, and seizures.
Methadone is a synthetic opiate primarily used as a medication. Doctors prescribe methadone to assist former opiate users in detoxification from those drugs and as part of maintenance therapy to help patients avoid relapse. Methadone may also be used to treat patients with severe, chronic pain.
OxyContin is a branded, time-release version of the narcotic pain reliever oxycodone. This opioid drug is typically prescribed by a doctor to treat long-lasting pain associated with chronic or terminal conditions such as arthritis and cancer. OxyContin is available as a capsule and goes by the street names of Oxy, OCs, Oxycet, Oxycottons, Oxy 80s, Hillbilly Heroin, and Killers.
Percocet is a brand of prescription narcotic used to alleviate pain. It includes oxycodone, an opiate, and acetaminophen, an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever. The combined effect of these pain relievers is released over time to manage chronic, long-term pain. Percocet is most commonly used in tablet or capsule form.
Vicodin is a brand of prescription, narcotic pain reliever. The drug combines the opioid hydrocodone and the over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever acetaminophen. Generally, doctors prescribe Vicodin to be taken on an as-needed basis in order to control moderate to severe pain related to injury or surgery. Vicodin is most commonly taken orally.